Friday, Jun 29, 2018SearchArchiveChineseChineseJapaneseFrenchSpanishRussianArabicKoreaGermanPortugueseHomeOpinionsBusinessMilitaryWorldSocietyCultureTravelScienceSportsSpecial CoveragePhotoVideoEnglishChina’s wisdom in taming desertification(Peoples Daily Online)    17:52, June 22, 2018Residents of Heilin Village Lin Zhifu (R) and Zhou Hong make straw checkerboard sand barriers in the Tengger Desert in the Shapotou District of Zhongwei City, northwest Chinas Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, June 11, 2018.Each day, hectares of moving sand dunes are tightly grasped by straw checkerboard sand barriers in the Tengger Desert in the Shapotou District of Zhongwei City, northwest Chinas Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.The women who work here lay the barriers equally over the sand while men use shovels to dig holes into the ground and fill them with straw. Each straw pile stands 10 centimeters below ground and 30 centimeters aboveground.50-year-old Zheng Zihua and his fellow villagers have been doing this job since the 1950s, keeping this unique technique of fighting desertification alive for decades.While working, women wear face masks and hats to shield their faces from the hot sun. The workers’ resting place is very simple: a makeshift tent supported by four wooden pillars with a bed sheet and several sand bags.More than 200 farmers are involved in making these straw checkerboard sand barriers, which gives them an annual income of 60,000 to 70,000 yuan, according to Fang Wensheng, Party secretary of Heilin Village.They have so far created 360,000 mu, or 24,000 hectares, of sand barriers since a program to combat desertification was launched in 2013. The current number is very close to the overall target of 420,000 mu.As the grass barriers gradually fade out, new plants grow, bringing life to the area.Shapotou, its name deriving from the high sand dunes all around, is located on the southern edge of the Tengger Desert. For half a century, Shapotou has been known as a hub for curbing desertification by making straw checkerboard sand barriers on a large scale.A worker walks in the desert, holding a bunch of straw. Photo from XinhuaThe straw checkerboard sand barriers were originally created for building the desert section of the Baotou-Lanzhou Railway, and the technique was unprecedented back then.In 1955, the Chinese Academy of Sciences established China’s first comprehensive observation station in Shapotou; and then the following year, the country’s first specialized sand-break forest was launched.After numerous failures and explorations, straw checkerboard sand barriers were adopted as the main method to deal with moving sand when the railway opened.The method was applauded by experts from both home and abroad at the United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) in Nairobi in 1977. Since then, foreign experts and personnel came one after another to Shapotou to learn the unique method.Zhang Zhishan, deputy chief of the Shapotou research center, said experience has indicated that the straw checkerboard sand barrier method is so far the most convenient, eco-friendly and cost-effective way to fight desertification.The research center has also found that it’s feasible to recover the ecology in the desert area of northern China through planting manmade vegetation. Now, 155,000 mu of straw checkerboard sand barriers have been created, 145,000 mu of shrubbery has grown and a 60 meter belt for wind prevention and sand fixation has been established in Shapotou.But there is still a long road ahead. According to statistics, China has 2.61 million sq km of desert, occupying 27.2 percent of the country’s landmass.The country looks to effectively tame 50 percent of its deserted land by 2020, according to a guideline on pushing forward ecological civilization construction issued in 2015.Scientists are now working on targeted desertification control, such as studying the desert water balance and ecological hydrology in Shapotou, which they think is key to curbing desertification.Photo shows workers making straw checkerboard sand barriers in the Tengger Desert, June 11, 2018. Photo from Xinhua var addthis_config = {“data_track_addressbar”:false};(For the latest China news, Please follow Peoples Daily on Twitter and Facebook)(Web editor: Bianji, Wu Chengliang)Add your comment/* * * CONFIGURATION VARIABLES: EDIT BEFORE PASTING INTO YOUR WEBPAGE * * */var;var disqus_shortname=;var disqus_identifier=;if ({disqus_shortname=enpeople;disqus_identifier = 9474102;}/* * * DONT EDIT BELOW THIS LINE * * */(function() {var dsq = document.createElement(script); dsq.type = text/javascript; dsq.async = true;dsq.src = // + disqus_shortname +;(document.getElementsByTagName(head)[0] || document.getElementsByTagName(body)[0]).appendChild(dsq);})();Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.Most Read1Time is running out for foreign airlines to comply with one…2Xi meets executives of famous multinational companies3China’s wisdom in taming desertification4China’s military to lead coast guard to better defend sover…5Hami melons help Guangxi village win battle against povertyHot NewsOp-Ed: US show of force shows who is really militarizing the South China Sea
Unmanned ‘shark swarm’ to be used in sea battles, military patrols
Big data means more success and risk in blind dating
China’s college entrance exam: national obsession and idealistic evolution10 Chinese Super League players to represent 7 countries at World CupWe RecommendBeckhams prediction: England joins Brazil in World Cup semis
Essay topics of China’s university entrance exams: Would you pass the test?
Interview with Putin: Xi a very reliable partner
China grants permission for first private high-speed railway project
US sending warship through Taiwan Straits may provoke Chinese mainland responsePhotosPudong spearheads Chinas reform and development
Dragon boat parade greets upcoming Dragon Boat Festival in SW China
Highlights of opening ceremony of 2018 FIFA World Cup
In pics: highways in Taklimakan Desert in Chinas Xinjiang
Asias largest dredging vessel completes first sea trial
Pic story: making of Fushan noodle
Date with 20 cultural heritage sites at Cultural and Natural Heritage Day
Pandas show off their soccer skills ahead of World Cup
PLA female honor guard formation makes debut in welcome ceremony
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge shines at nightRelated readingChina holds UN conference on desertification to assist global greeningChina among “most successful” countries in desert control: UN deputy chiefXi stresses global cooperation against desertificationXi stresses global cooperation against desertificationBelt and Road countries in joint fight against desertificationChina awarded for smart, effective efforts to fight desertificationChinas Kubuqi model offers solution to desertificationMore people join fight against desertification in NW ChinaVillagers fight against desertification in NW ChinaEcological barrier under construction to prevent desertification in NW ChinaLinks:Beijing TodayCRI EnglishSINA EnglishGlobal Show ChinaChina Human RightsChina XinjiangTibet OnlineCCTV Beijing Review GMW.cnChina Economic Net
China Tibet Online
Qiushi JournalWomen of China
Consulate General in New York.link_content{overflow:hidden;}
About Peoples Daily Online |Join Us | Contact © Peoples Daily Online


邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

17 − 6 =

No Related Post